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7 wonders of Ukraine

Kyiv Pechersk Lavra

The Kyiv Pechersk Lavra is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery in Kyiv. Founded in the 11th century, the Lavra has been inscribed as the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The large Lavra’s bell tower is one of the major sights of Kyiv — its height is 96.5 meters. Tourists can feast their eyes upon the ancient fresco in the temple, learn more about peculiarities of the everyday life of monks, have a lunch at the Lavra canteen, and see the city from the height of the Large bell tower.

 

Sofiyivsky Park

The Park was founded in 1796 by order of the Polish Count Potocki as a gift to his wife — Sofia Vitt-Potocka. The territory of 179 hectares has rocks, grottos, fountains, and waterfalls. Sculptures of the Uman park illustrate «Iliad» and «Odyssey» by Homer. Visitors can take a ride along the subterranean Lethe River on a ferryboat or gondola. Those, who do not like long walks, can make use of the special offer — they can ride a horse or use a carriage to travel around the park.

Khortytsia Island

First people came to the Khortytsia Island back in the Paleolithic epoch, but the Island became famous in the 16-17th centuries, when Ukrainian Cossacks founded their residence here. In the 18th century the Island was passed into ownership of the Prince Potyomkin, while in the 19th century it was occupied by German Mennonites. In the Soviet times the building of the Dnipro Hydroelectric Station was erected at Khortytsia. In 2005 historical and cultural complex «Zaporizhia Sich». Khortytsia guests will learn a lot about the way Cossacks lived in old times, watch a performance with the saber battle, and taste dishes of the Ukrainian cuisine.

Khotyn Fortress

Starting from the 5th century the Khotyn Fortress area was used as the location for ancient settlements, while in the 14th century Prince Danylo of Halych started the construction of defensive installations. The Fortress had been repeatedly ruined and rebuilt all over again. In the 15th century it was subjected to the most considerable reconstruction — the castle was significantly enlarged in the southern direction and the courtyard level was raised. In the 16-19th centuries the Fortress had still served as a defensive point, while in the 20th century it was besieged by cinematographers. This is the place used to shoot a number of Soviet movies, including «Taras Bulba», «Three musketeers», and «Arrows of Robin Hood».

St. Sophia Cathedral

Saint Sophia Cathedral, the oldest church of Kyiv, was built in 1037 by Prince Yaroslav the Wise. The modesty of the Cathedral’s exterior is more then compensated by the gorgeousness of the interior decoration and appointments. Such approach to the decor is not a mere coincidence — in the Orthodoxy this means that the inner life is much more important than everything on the outside. Visitors can feast their eyes upon 13 golden «heads» — domes of the Cathedral — and have a close look at the mosaic and fresco of the 11th century. At present the Cathedral hosts a museum, elucidating the spiritual and intellectual influence of the Saint Sophia Cathedral upon dissemination of the Orthodox confession in Russia in the 17-19th centuries. In 1990 UNESCO declared the Saint Sophia Cathedral and all monastic buildings, related to it, as the World Heritage Site.

Chersonesus www.chersonesos.org

Chersonesus was a Greek colony, founded approximately 2500 years ago in the southeast part of the Crimea. In the 1st century B.C. Julius Caesar annexed the city to the Roman Empire. In the 5th century A.D. Chersonesus became a part of the Byzantine Empire, while in the 14th century it was controlled by Genoese people. In the 15th century all residents of the city abandoned it. Nowadays its ruins can be found in one of the suburbs of Sevastopol. Chersonesus is protected by the Government as an archeological park. The architecture of the city got certain influence of the Greek, Roman, and Byzantine cultures. Tourists can visit the Roman amphitheater and the Greek temple.

 

Kamyanets-Podilsky

First mentioning of the city falls on the 11th century. In the middle of the 13th century the city was seized by Tatars, while in the 14th century Lithuanian princes freed the city of Kamyanets and granted the Magdeburg rights to it. In the 15th century the city became a part of Poland. The city was of paramount geopolitical importance at the border between the Christian and Moslem cultures and played a significant role of a shield in the salvation of Europe from the Mongol-Tatar raids. No army has ever succeeded in conquering the Kamyanets-Podilsky Fortress in a battle — the Fortress command could be changed only with the help of deception and military diversions. Starting from the end of 1990-s the city was acknowledged as the major tourism and sightseeing location in the Western Ukraine.

 

www.kpod.com.ua

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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